Collage is an art form in which the artist creates or takes a number of items and places them together within the boundaries of paper, frame or screen. The goal is to craft a message or feeling by the very patterns, content and often unexpected interaction
collage - collected definitions
#1 Pronounced As: klˇZzh, ko- [Fr.,=pasting], technique in art consisting of cutting and pasting natural or manufactured materials to a painted or unpainted surface-hence, a work of art in this medium. The art of collage was initiated in 1912 when Picasso pasted a section of commercially printed oilcloth to his cubist painting, Still Life with Chair Caning (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Collage elements appear in works by Gris, Braque, Malevich, Dove, and the futurist artists. A basic means of Dada and surrealist art, it was used by Arp, Schwitters, and Ernst. Collage is related to the newer art of assemblage, in which the traditional painted canvas has been abandoned in favor of the assembling of bits of material, which are sometimes additionally painted or carved.
#2 A picture or design created by adhering such basically flat elements as newspaper, wallpaper, printed text and illustrations, photographs, cloth, string, etc., to a flat surface, when the result becomes three-dimensional. Introduced by the Cubist artists, it was widely used by artists who followed, and is a familiar technique in contemporary art.
#3 A n artwork made by pasting together heterogeneous materials. The decisive and characteristic difference between the technique of collage (from French, coller,to paste) and painting is that in painting the visual impression is built up by composition of color and line, whereas in collage, bits of newspaper, labels, buttons, and chickenwire, to mention only a few materials, are attached, ready-made, to the surface. The French painter Georges Braque and Spanish artist Pablo Picasso made collages for cubist works in the early 20th century. American pop art of the 1960s introduced the use of large objects, such as pieces of sheet metal, machine parts, parts from automobiles, and wooden rafters.
Collage 1990 Art